Gherkins are basically a dwarf type of cucumber. It is an annual vine with trailing or climbing habits. It is susceptible to cold and frost.
It can be grown on light as well as heavy soil. Well-drained Soil is necessary. The seedlings can be grown directly. No need for transplanting. The spacing should be 60cms between rows and 30 cms between plants.
It being a creeper can be grown along the ground or vines can be trained on artificially erected pandals. During the dry season it is O.K. for vines to be trailing on the ground but during monsoons it is advisable to grow them on pandals. If the drainage is poor and plant is in contact with water for long, the growth is retarded.
It can be grown in pots too. In a 12" pot you can make a half round erect structure along the boundary of the pot with wooden sticks on which the vines can grow. Sow the seeds directly (approx 3 seeds) into the pot and keep in shade still germination. Gradually expose to the sun over a period of one week and then always keep in sunlight.
The fruits are harvested after 60 days of sowing. Fruits should be harvested from the vine by turning them parallel to the runner and then giving it a quick snap to prevent vine damage. The fruits are harvested every 3-4 days upto almost 2 months.
To obtain more & better quality of fruit use Super Vegetable fertilizer once every 15 days and once every 7 days when the buds appear (Instruction on the product pack.)