This colourful flower is an excellent plant for borders or massed display. It can also be grown in window boxes and pots. They are one of the easiest to grow especially for beginners.
Balsam is generally grown in Monsoons and places where the winter is mild. They like the sun but will do well in semi-shade too. They require fertile soil i.e. regular red soil with sufficient manure.
Pot Culture:Balsam can be sown directly into pots. Sow 5-6 seeds in an 8'' pot and cover lightly. Sow the seeds 4-6mm deep. Water lightly. Keep in shade till they germinate in about 7-9 days. Gradually exposed to full sun. Soil should be moist but not wet. Later keep 2-3 healthy seedlings in the pot and discard the rest.
In Ground:To grow in ground, make seedlings first. Once the seedlings are 2-3 weeks old, transplant them into their fixed position in your garden. The spacing between plants should be 30 cm. Provide sufficient manure in the ground.
Watering should be done when the soil is dry, Keep it moist. During rains ensure there is no water logging Feed Bahaar (liquid) fertilizer once in 15 days and later once buds appear feed Maxi grow fertilizer It will ensure more flowers. Continue once in 7 days till the end of last flowers. To keep the soil enriched, put Biogro (organic manure) once a month.
The seeds in this pocket are mixed colours i.e. Lilac, Orange, White, Red, Pink, etc. The flowering starts from 50-55 days onwards. The plant attains a height of 30-40 cm